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2 edition of metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria found in the catalog.

metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria

Gillian Mary Stephens

metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria

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Published by typescript in [s.l.] .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.)-University of Warwick, 1983.

Statementby Gillian Mary Stephens.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14829816M

Under standard conditions, from CH 4 to C 4 H 10 alkanes are gaseous; from C 5 H 12 to C 17 H 36 they are liquids; and after C 18 H 38 they are solids. As the boiling point of alkanes is primarily determined by weight, it should not be a surprise that the boiling point has almost a linear relationship with the size (molecular weight) of the.   () Microbial oxidation of gaseous hydrocarbons: oxidation of lower N-alkenes and N-alkanes by resting cell suspensions of various methylotrophic bacteria, and the effect of methane metabolites. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 9: – Cited by: Full text of "Polar microbiology: the ecology, biodiversity, and bioremediation potential of microorganisms in extremely cold environments". The gaseous hydrogen sulphide is then removed by passing it through a bed of zinc oxide where it is converted to solid zinc sulphide: H2S+ZnO = ZnS+H2O. Primary (Steam) Reforming. Reforming is the process of converting natural gas or naptha (CnH2n+2) into .


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metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria by Gillian Mary Stephens Download PDF EPUB FB2

Bacterial metabolism of long-chain n-alkanes being secreted by bacteria and fungi to perform extracellu-lar breakdown of substrates before uptake of the reaction products. In the case of water Cited by: Metabolism of n-alkanes and n-alkeries by anaerobic bacteria: A summary Metabolism of n-alkanes and n rates and strongest decrease of gaseous and mid-chain alkane concentrations indicated.

Degradation of alkanes is a widespread phenomenon in nature, and numerous microorganisms, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic, capable of utilizing these substrates as a carbon and energy source have been isolated and characterized. In this review, we metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria book recent advances in the understanding of bacterial metabolism of long-chain n-alkanes.

Bacterial strategies for accessing Cited by: Current knowledge of the pathways for the degradation of n-alkanes and n-alkenes by anaerobic bacteria is summarized and new results questioning the existence of an alternative pathway for anaerobic alkane degradation are ing gaps in our knowledge are also mentioned, together with the possible use of some specific metabolites as biomarkers of anaerobic hydrocarbon by: Microbial Oxidation of Gaseous Hydrocarbons: Production of Secondary Alcohols from Corresponding n-Alkanes by Methane-Utilizing Bacteria.

Patel RN(1), Hou CT, Laskin AI, Felix A, Derelanko P. Author information: (1)Corporate Research Laboratory, Exxon Research & Cited by: Metabolism of Hydrocarbons in n-Alkane-Utilizing Anaerobic Bacteria.

Wilkes H(1), Buckel W, Golding BT, Rabus R. Author information: (1)Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM), Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, by:   Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons are the main constituents of petroleum and its refined products.

Whereas degradation of hydrocarbons by oxygen-respiring microorganisms has been known for about a century, utilization of hydrocarbons under anoxic conditions has been investigated only during the past decade.

Diverse strains of anaerobic bacteria have been isolated that degrade toluene Cited by: The carbon chain length is crucially important in relation to HC utilization. Representatives of only a few species of microorganisms oxidize gaseous n-alkanes (up to C 4).

The most difficult to oxidize are short-chain liquid alkanes (C 5-C 10), and the most active growth is observed on C 13 –C Cited by: 7. In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated other words, an alkane consists of hydrogen and carbon atoms arranged in a tree structure in which all the carbon–carbon bonds are single.

Alkanes have the general chemical formula C n H 2n+ alkanes range in complexity from the simplest case of methane. Furthermore, utilization of n-alkanes from crude oil by sulfate-reducing bacteria has been demonstrated.

A moderately thermophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium (optimum around 60 Û& LVRODWHG RQ n-decane consumed n-alkanes from crude oil especially in the range from C8 to C11 [53]. Furthermore, an enrichment culture exhibited sulfate-dependent.

It is important to note there are high molecular n-alkanes C 23, C 25, C 27, C 29, C 31 and C 33 in soil OM. Bacterial synthesis of n-alkanes could be accounted by decarboxylation with relatively high temperatures. However, this phenomenon doesn’t support by experiment.

In this work we studied, if n-alkanes with an odd number of. Methane monooxygenase from Methylobacterium sp.

strain CRL which catalyzes the oxygenation of hydrocarbons was resolved into two components, a hydroxylase and a flavoprotein. An anaerobic procedure was developed for the purification of the hydroxylase to.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Co-metabolic bioremediation is supposed to be an impressive and promising approach in the elimination technology of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), which was found to be a common pollutant worldwide in the ground or underground water in recent years.

In metabolism of gaseous n-alkanes by bacteria book paper, bacterial strain DZ13 (which can co-metabolically degrade MTBE) was isolated and named as Pseudomonas sp. DZ13 based on the result Cited by: 2. During the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico a deep-sea hydrocarbon plume developed resulting in a rapid succession of bacteria.

Colwellia eventually supplanted Oceanospirillales, which dominated the plume early in the spill. These successional changes may have resulted, in part, from the changing composition and abundance of hydrocarbons over time.

Colwellia. Biodegradation is defined as the biologically catalyzed reduction in complexity of chemical compounds [ 1 ]. Indeed, biodegradation is the process by which organic substances are broken down into smaller compounds by living microbial organisms [ 2 ]. When biodegradation is complete, the process is called "mineralization".

However, in most cases Cited by: Characterization of microbial communities involved in short-chain alkane metabolism, namely methane, ethane and propane, in soil samples from a petroliferous soils through clone libraries of the 16S rRNA gene of the Domains Bacteria and Archaea and the catabolic gene coding for the soluble di-iron monooxygenase (SDIMO) enzyme alpha by: 6.

Cometabolism of methyl tertiary butyl ether and gaseous n-alkanes by Pseudomonas mendocina KR-1 grown on C5 to C8 n-alkanes Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69 (12), – By: C.

Smith, K. O'Reilly & M. Hyman. Fuel oxygenates, including ethers such as methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE), and tert-amyl methyl ether (TAME), as well as alcohols such as tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), tert-amyl alcohol, and ethanol, have been added to gasoline since the mid s, especially to improve air quality.

The major part of the contamination appeared to be related to leaking underground Cited by: 6. Figure shows the interrelationships among the physical, chemical, and biological processes that crude oil undergoes when introduced into the marine environment, subsequently weathers, and is then transported away from the source.

Processes involved in the weathering of crude oil include evaporation, emulsification, and dissolution, whereas. Alkane Derivatives. Almost an unlimited number of derivatives can be made from the alkanes since any hydrogen can be substituted by an alkyl group, a halide, etc.

If the substituent is an alkyl group, then the derivative will have the same empirical formula as a larger alkane, so the empirical formula for an organic compound is insufficient to identify it.

The detection of bacteria that oxidize n-alkanes having chain lengths of 2 to 8 carbon atoms, without any adaptation period, indicates the existence of short-chain hydrocarbons in the investigated soil samples, and thus can indicate the presence of oil accumulations in the subsurface.

In those areas in which both short-chain hydrocarbons and. Curry S, Ciuffetti L, Hyman M. Inhibition of growth of a Graphium sp.

on gaseous n-alkanes by gaseous n-alkynes and n-alkenes. Applied and Environmental. A common halostress coping mechanism for bacteria is to “salt-in cytoplasm”, whereby the bacteria increase the concentration of potassium and chloride ions in their cell.

Biostimulation using K + and Ca 2+ ions help microorganisms buffer against osmotic stress and can help enhance their hydrocarbonoclastic activity in intertidal sediments Cited by: 3.

Hydrogen isotope biogeochemistry is the scientific study of biological, geological, and chemical processes in the environment using the distribution and relative abundance of hydrogen are two stable isotopes of hydrogen, protium 1 H and deuterium 2 H, which vary in relative abundance on the order of hundreds of ratio between these two species can be considered the.

The sulfur cycle is the collection of processes by which sulfur moves between rocks, waterways and living systems. Such biogeochemical cycles are important in geology because they affect many minerals.

Biochemical cycles are also important for life because sulfur is an essential element, being a constituent of many proteins and cofactors, and sulfur compounds can be used as oxidants or.

The most widely used supercritical fluid, however, is supercritical carbon dioxide (SCD), and while gaseous carbon dioxide is a hothouse gas that needs to be captured from flue gases and the atmosphere, the compacted form of SCD is a useful tool for order to use SCD intelligently, the properties of carbon dioxide as a chemical.

In this process, n-alkanes on heating with anhydrous aluminium chloride and hydrogen chloride get converted into branched chain alkanes. CRACKING OR PHYROLYSIS. It is a process of decomposing higher hydrocarbons into lower hydrocarbons with low boiling points by strong heating.

Lipids and Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents is an essential guide to this important topic for researchers and advanced students in academia and research working in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food sciences, biochemistry and natural products chemistry, microbiology; and for health care scientists and professionals working in the fields of.

DATE- TYPE- JOURNAL ARTICLE TAPE ISS- COMPANY RELATED- Dep. Microbiol., North Carolina State Univ, Raleigh, NCUSA NDN- O Ten strains of obligately thermophilic bacteria able to utilize n-alkanes as growth substrate were isolated from a variety of environmental sources. The general formula for the homologous series of alkanes is C n H 2n+2 where n is the number of carbon atoms.

All alkanes end in, “ane”. The first four alkanes in the homologous series retain their original names. After these the names are formed by adding the ending -ane to the Greek word for the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.

EPA/// July IN-SITU AQUIFER RESTORATION OF CHLORINATED ALIPHATICS BY METHANOTROPHIC BACTERIA by Paul V. Roberts, Lewis Semprini, Gary D. Hopkins, Dunja Grbic-Galic, Perry L McCarty, and Martin Reinhard Research Staff: Constantinos V. Chrysikopoulos, Mark E. Dolan, Franziska Haag, Thomas C.

Harmon, Susan M. Henry, Robert A. Johns, Nancy A. Lanzarone. Also notice that through undecane (11 carbons) the odd-numbered n-alkanes have slightly lower melting points than would be expected.

I don't have a good explanation for this, but apparently odd-numbered carbon chains have more difficulty making a good crystal. The story gets even more interesting when branched alkanes are considered. bacteria microbial biodegradation lignin fig growth aromatic fatty appl anaerobic oxidation activity coa metabolism strain substrate environ chern gene cell production biochem fatty acids pathway species bacterial Acetic acid / ə ˈ s iː t ɪ k /, systematically named ethanoic acid / ˌ ɛ θ ə ˈ n oʊ ɪ k /, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH 3 COOH (also written as CH 3 CO 2 H or C 2 H 4 O 2).When undiluted, it is sometimes called glacial acetic r is no less than 4% acetic acid by volume, making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water.E number: E (preservatives).

New fungal pathogens of plants are emerging as problems in temperate parts of the world due to the effect of climate change. Fungi: Biology and Applications, Third Edition offers in-depth chapter coverage of these new developments and more—ultimately exposing readers to a wider range of topics than any other existing book on the subject.

Octane is a straight chain alkane composed of 8 carbon atoms. It has a role as a xenobiotic. N-octane is a colorless liquid with an odor of gasoline. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Produces irritating vapor.

CAMEO Chemicals. Expand this section. 2 Names and Identifiers. Expand this section. Pentane is a straight chain alkane consisting of 5 carbon atoms.

It has a role as a non-polar solvent and a refrigerant. It is a volatile organic compound and an alkane. N-pentane appears as a clear colorless liquid with a petroleum-like odor.

Boiling point 97°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in. Deserts are of global distribution; they cover considerable areas of all continents, with the exception of Europe.

Desert soils are poor in organic substances and water, and are usually subjected to Cited by: After burning, the n-alkanes of the grassland soil had a range of carbon atoms from 15 to 33 and an even stronger odd carbon number predominance than in the unburned soil.

However, the fatty acids in the unburned grassland soils had a strong even carbon number predominance with. In their first paper on the Serine cycle in methanol-utilisers, Quayle and colleagues said that “It remains to be seen whether microbial growth on methane involves a metabolism broadly similar to that involved in growth on methanol” (that is, not involving the RuBP pathway.

Hou C T, Patel R N, Laskin A I, Barnabe N. Microbial oxidation of gaseous hydrocarbons: oxidation of lower N-alkenes and N-alkanes by resting cell suspensions of various methylotrophic bacteria, and the effect of methane metabolites.

FEMS Microbiol Lett. ; – [Google Scholar].Monitored natural attenuation and bioremediation are cost-efficient and eco-friendly approaches to mitigating prevalent 1,4-dioxane (dioxane) plumes. Unfortunately, their field applications have been greatly undermined given our scarce knowledge of the diversity of dioxane biodegradation pathways and associated key enzymes.

At present, only tetrahydrofuran monooxygenases (THF MOs) are known to Cited by: